Home Trends HLPF on Sustainable Development: Renewable Energy as a Key Element of Post-COVID Recovery

HLPF on Sustainable Development: Renewable Energy as a Key Element of Post-COVID Recovery

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distinguished participant i wish you a very good morning or a afternoon from wherever you are joining us today my name is uh sofia tual zumanu and i’m director of the independent delivery unit of the africa renewable energy initiative which is africa laid and africa owned initiative hosted by the african development bank it is with great pleasure that i would like to welcome you all to this virtual webinar on renewable energy as a key element of course post-government recovery in sub-saharan africa which is organized as a side event to the 2021 un high-level political forum i’m most pleased to moderate this important meeting taking this opportunity i would like to extend my very warm welcome to all the participants here today especially our high level participants from irena and the co-sponsors precisely mr francesco la camera director general of irena her excellency dr nawal al hosseini permanent representative of the united arab emirates to irena mr stefano signori head of unit at the direct directorate general for international partnership at the european union commission and his excellency martin bill hermann permanent representative of the kingdom of denmark to the united nations i would also like to greet all participants from government counterparts financial institutions development partners private sector and non-governmental organization who have joined us today we are really excited to see such a high interest from a broad set of audience from all over the world so distinguished participant allow me to give you some logistical information regarding today’s meeting as we are you are aware the event is conducted virtually if you account for any technical issues please write your issue in the chat box and someone from the organizing team will help you please note that we have simultaneous interpretation in french and english and the channels can be selected in your zoom settings for all panelists we would request you to please admit yourself and start your video while making an intervention likewise pleasure ensure that please ensure that mutes yourself when not speaking just to avoid any background noise a recording of the webinar will be made available on the arena website after the meeting today’s meeting will shortly start with a welcoming remark from the arena director general and the co-sponsor followed by the representative of the co-sponsor after i will have a moderate discussion feature high levels expect from key countries and regional organization of the sub-saharan african region we are hopeful that today’s event which brings together a rich set of high-level representatives and experts active on the energy transition in the african context will allow all of us to reflect and agree on the role of the energy transition in africa’s response to the current crisis and beyond in order to achieve sustainable development under climate objectives so without any further delay to begin with today’s program it’s my pleasure to invite the director general of arena mr francesco la camera who will be delivering his welcoming remark thank you thank you yes excellencies english participants ladies and gentlemen it’s my pleasure to welcome you all at this event let me also extend a warm welcome to our co-sponsor denmark the european commission and the united arab emirates as well as to our distinguished speakers who are joining us today over a year since it began the covenanting pandemic continues to impact our health levels and economy today what we have learned in the past month is a hard lesson but an important one we cannot continue to consider energy in silos as we recover from the pandemic we have an opportunity to address several social economic and climate priorities at once by prioritizing the energy transition last june we had a clear message from african leaders developed partners and other stakeholders during the high level dialogue which arena co-organized with the african union it was a call for action to shape african’s response to the crisis by aligning national and regional recovery efforts with the medium long-term objectives of the sdgs agenda 2063 and the paris agreements sub-saharan countries already face severe challenges towards achieving their sdgs these sdg-7 objectives which is activated further by the pandemic today only around 46 percent of africa have access to electricity services this is simply unacceptable given that we have the technological solutions available to tackle this issue as we transform the continent’s energy system we must ensure prosperity for all africans having everyone on board enjoying the benefit of the new system as africa continues its rapid economic development renewable energy can be a game changer it can provide timely access to clean electricity that protects health and environment and do so while creating millions of new jobs stimulating industrial development along the value chains in shaping a different future for africa’s youth it can provide a foundation for resilient economies and society as the effect of climate change intensifies still renewables uptake remain slow in the content in the continent for instance while the global renewable power capacity edition in 2020 was 260 gigahertz only 2.6 gigawatts of this was in africa and this is really we cannot allow having a dual track for energy transition we are some countries rapidly turn green and other remain traffic in the fossil fuel based system of the past the transition is not just a full replacement but a creation of a new system last month we release our world energy transition outlook showing how the energy transformation we need to align with the 1.5 degree trajectory arena consider electrification and energy efficiency to be the main decarbonization drivers enabled by renewables and complemented by green hydrogen and sustainable biomass and these technologies can shape the avenue to lead out us or lead us out of the crisis towards a clean energy system the outlook provides the technology policy and investment elements for different energy future we will translate this global vision into regional outlooks and framework for investment to show what is possible through long-standing partnership with stakeholders at continuous continental regional and national levels we remain committed to work closely with african countries and realize this condition i hope today’s event will stimulate a lively discussion on the role of renewable in accelerating african energy transformation in the context of the post code recovery and identify concrete action that we can take forward and implement on the ground i thank you and wish a very successful event back to you secretary thank you very much thank you very much uh arena did you for those inspiring awards it’s always very encouraging to have your constant support and guidance to deepen irena’s engagement in sub-saharan africa it’s now my pleasure to give the floor to her excellency dr nawal al-husseini permanent representative of the united arab emirates to irena the floor is your excellence thank you thank you sophie thank you so much and thank you francesco for this inspirational words our co-hosts speakers and participants good afternoon good morning wherever you are thank you everybody for being with us uh it is a true pleasure to join such a distinguished gathering renewable energy as a key element and driver of postcards recovery and future development recent reports provided by irena have shown that the success story of the cost decline for renewables continue and that the pandemic has not impacted we witnessed an increase of capacity of renewable energy in the last year by 10.3 percent to 2799 gigawatt globally this is an addition of 261 gigawatts however this development has not so far reached the african continent and very specifically to sub-saharan africa as as we heard from francisco so despite the fact that sub-saharan africa has an abundance of renewable energy sources we still see the majority of people without energy access in this region the latest report on tracking sdg-7 which was developed by irena and other partners in the energy space sadly showed that still 759 million people lack access to energy in sub-saharan africa alone the access rate was 46 in 2019 and 570 million people still did not have access to electricity the pandemic has negatively impacted people’s health economy and the very fragile energy system so we see that the only viable response that can address those three aspects and of this drop of disruption at the same time is harnessing the full power of renewable energy there are the arab emirates has long supported renewable energy through projects carried out by its flagship energy company muslim and the abu dhabi fund for development it has been a major partner in africa’s energy transition with over 25 existing and under development renewable renewables projects providing a combined capacity of one gigawatt in 14 african countries including sub-saharan countries in addition uh muslim has installed close to 27 000 solar home systems and other villages in the continent that have changed the lives of so many people and our zai sustainability prize has driven innovation and sustainability and renewable energy in africa through supporting enterprises and schools that truly lift their mark left their mark on their communities we are also very proud to mention that just few weeks ago actually three weeks ago the mohammed bin zayed solo complex was inaugurated in toko the plant is part of the adfd irene adfd which is abu dhabi fund for development irena project facility funded by the abu dhabi fund for development and implemented by the uae based solar project developer emea this project which is 50 megawatt solar pv plant provide electricity to thousands homes and small businesses and will contribute greatly to the togolese commitment to establish a universal access to electricity and increase the share of renewables we are proud to be part of this success story which not only opens opportunities for local businesses and creates job but also show us what can be achieved with the right mindset and like-minded partners finance does play a very important role and a sustainable energy transition but trust in partners knowledge and the right project foundation policy framework is very very critical the uae has been actively engaged engaged as a global theme champion for the high-level dialogue and energy for enabling sdgs through an inclusive just energy transition we continue to do so by developing national energy compacts and also looking with partners into international compacts bringing energy and clean cooking to people and communities our efforts towards providing energy for development enables us not only to achieve this stg7 but also many other sustainability goals such as gender equality education and health and many others thank you very much back to you sofia thank you thank you very much uh dr noel for your address and uh for highlighting the key role of the eu government in the support of renewable energy as kid rather in the post corporate recovery in africa i fully agree with you that with the right mindset i mean we can achieve a lot so i would like now to pass the floor to mr stephanos from the european union commission for his uh statement thank you safiato and good morning afternoon everybody happy to join this side event today with the kovid 19 pandemic which has hit the world very very hard and as we seek to recover from the crisis we must take the opportunity to build back better as francesco was saying for the energy sector it means we need to accelerate the energy access but at the same time also the global transition towards renewable and low carbon energy systems in european union we are pursuing the green deal as our economic growth strategy and since the covid pandemic also our recovery strategy the wind deal is a transformative and inclusive agenda combining policies with investments renewable energy and technologies are at the heart of this transformation and to bring it about we will intensify our engagement with partner countries and with all relevant stakeholders in many countries with energy access challenges we see the opportunity to leapfrog towards renewable energy sources if we look at africa in particular the continent is facing a paradox it is one of the world’s richest regions in the world in renewable energy sources but still close to 600 million people do not have access to electricity and some 850 million still lack access to green cooking for us the partnership with africa in the energy sector is and will remain a priority for the last financing period between 2014 and 2020 we have mobilized some 3 billion euros of funds for sustainable energy cooperation in the continent and we have focused efforts on three drivers promoting political ownership and partnerships improving governance and reforms in the energy sector and boosting investment through innovative financial instrument and the risk in tools the investment in the energy sector supported by the european union have a large scalability and replicability potential however this is not enough to bridge the gap for energy access in africa we have understood that the approach should be reinforced by increasing the leverage of eu funding under our new multi-annual budget that runs between 2021 and 2027 we intend to take a stronger approach to address today challenges therefore we are raising our climate ambition by allocating 30 percent of available funding to climate action up from the previous 20 percent and investment to renewable energy will play an important role in this framework let’s also admit that dono’s funding alone is not sufficient to respond to the investment needs in energy infrastructure universal access and green transition will not be achieved without unlocking a scaling up dramatically private financing oda resources can only be the oil that lubricates the engine it is needed but not sufficient on its own it should be used as a catalyst to leverage relevant policies and mobilize private funds multilateral development banks will play a crucial role in structuring operations that help mobilize private funding for such renewable energy projects let me stress that we see africa as a clear priority for accelerating access to sustainable energy and we want to enter a new phase of this partnership by proposing an africa eu green energy initiative that could be launched in the near future across the world renewable energy is becoming the most cost effective option to generate electricity and address the needs of a rapidly growing population we believe africa can become a major global market for renewable energy for instance we are supporting the africa union commission in its work to build an african single electricity market we are also working together with the africa union development agency and arena on the development of the continental transition system master plan let me conclude by saying that technology solutions are abundant and ready to be deployed and development cooperation funds will play an important role in leveraging private sector investment in clean energy we can address the risks while making the best of the opportunities by acting together promoting more partnership for a green transition benefits us all from the environmental social and economic economic point of view thank you for your attention thank you very much stefano for your statement and insight which clearly underpins the important growth of uh european union uh in the long term sustainable development in africa from my side as an actor i mean as a person who is leading the technical work of the africa renewable energy i can testify the great support of european union to the renewable energy sector in africa i would now like to invite his excellency mr martin bill hermann permanent representative of the kingdom of denmark to the united nations for his opening statement i understand that mr hermann is not with us so would look to invite him for his statement as at a later stage so this ladies and gentlemen distinguished participant the next item of the agenda will be an overview presentation of irena’s engagement at national regional and uh continental level in africa so for that i am pleased to welcome mr binu parten head of reasons at the irena we knew you have the floor thank you very much sophie excellencies ladies and gentlemen uh good morning good afternoon uh it’s a pleasure for us to present uh overview of irena’s work in this important region in africa can we go to the next slide please so the agency has been active in the continent since its inception the last 10 years or so and some of our work since the beginning and now has focused on the power sector uh starting with the eastern africa and the southern africa africa clean energy corridor which has extended to the the west african region with the west african clean energy corridor we also have in the north african region the pan-arab clean energy initiative with the league of arab states which cover the megagrip countries and in central africa the regional road map on renewable energy one of the features of this cooperation that we had is that along with the strong technical engagement with the government and member countries in the region we’ve also had significant high-level political support uh for instance the africa clean energy corridor was supported by the energy ministers and the vaccat the west african clean energy corridor was actually supported by the heads of states level and we’ve recently in the last one month uh supported the validation and approval of the regional renewable energy roadmap for central africa which we expect that will be endorsed by the heads of states in the coming months by the end of this year so this is a testament to the importance [Music] and collaboration that arena has with our member countries in africa next slide please apart from the continental level we’ve also been very focused at the region and the country level and one aspect which is highlighted in several interventions earlier was the role of and the importance of energy access so we do have initiatives looking at energy access trying to mainstream renewable energy into access programs across the continent we’ve also increasingly been working with who world bank and the sustainable energy for all on uh bring bringing attention to an important nexus between energy and health under the health energy platform for action hipaa and there will be a report which will be published another important aspect is entrepreneurship enterprises which are developed and run by africans providing renewable energy for african countries we’ve had a successful initiative in west africa where a large number of entrepreneurs were supported on their business models they were mentored to start energy enterprises providing renewable energy and energy access in west africa we are now replicating that experience in southern africa with the sadek region as well so these are some of the elements that characterized our work in the continent next slide please but however the flagship effort on our side remains as the renewable readiness assessments we have completed 10 renewable readiness assessments with african member countries and two are underway in botswana and burkina faso and one in the planning stages in chat this is a important tool of arena which is led by the countries with broad based stakeholder engagement and country ownership where we bring in our analytical understanding expertise to work with the country to identify a set of actions which will accelerate the renewable energy development and move us towards energy transition so at the end of this process we identify a number of actions in for example policy regulation finance business models etc which will take renewable energy forward in the country and support energy transition and climate action and we are increasingly focusing our efforts on post rra implementation and one of the aspects that we are emphasizing a bit more in the continent is deep dive on energy transition financing and this is something that we are piloting now in burkina faso next slide please over the last uh one year plus we have seen this opportunity offered by the cop 26 or the unf triple c where countries were considering updated indices and so we brought the whole range of skills with the at the disposal of the agency to support member countries over 70 of them covering 3 billion tons of co2 current globally to work with them using our support packages to increase the renewable energy ambition in their plant dentist submissions and wherever indicators have been submission to work with those countries to accelerate the implementation of those mbc commitments so africa again has been a major focus of our efforts we are working with 22 countries in africa uh sex foreign africa plus north africa and this is a an effort which will continue beyond the ndc submissions into ndc implementation and hopefully will gravitate towards the long-term strategies of mid-century carbon neutrality net zero by 2050 as well next slide please this is a kind of an overview of the countries that we have worked with in africa and just to highlight some of the and what you see in the middle of the slide are the various classes of activities that we support some of the key ones is really working with countries to ensure that the energy data and the monitoring reporting and verification systems are robust and institutions are have the strength to ensure that the renewable energy achievements are actually documented properly and there is a clear system for recording these as well as monitoring and reporting under the unfccc and the various energy and sdg commitments another important uh work that we’ve been doing is really looking at the long term on energy sector planning and then trying to bring in renewable energy and we we believe that if you take a longer term perspective renewables do become the most attractive option in africa and elsewhere and one of the course reports that we published recently demonstrated very clearly that renewable energy is the cheapest power sector option in most countries around the world including in africa compared to the cheapest of the fossil fuel option what we also found was that renewable energy actually is cheaper as a new option compared to existing for selfie or power plants so what that means is that it might actually be better to bring on board new renewable energy rather than continuing to operate some of the existing power plants so these are important signals for the policy makers in africa and beyond and we are working together with our member countries in the region to to reflect some of these analytical findings that we have in the policies and programs of countries in the region next slide please there’s also an important aspect of the continental the region and national level is the development of master plans and also the master plan and long-term planning so we have uh done for example a must master plan development in the energy sector with iswathini in southern africa we’ve been doing a number of capacity building initiatives in west africa and also in central africa and then more recently we are working with our african union development agency in ipad on a continental power system master plan uh which will we show that with a africa pan-africa power sector master plan will help in increasing the the role of renewables and they will provide africa with a strong basis to to electrify some of the inducers and in some sense leapfrog the need to go through the the more or less cleaner options for induced electrification induce energy next slide please one of the important reports flagship report arena has is the world energy transitions outlook which clearly showed a few weeks earlier that there is a clear pathway to achieving the 1.5 degree goal of the paris agreement and that achieving that goal is really viable with the current available technologies and we see that electrification is going to be a major trend a lot of that electricity coming from renewable energy but also there are opportunities for options such as green hydrogen to decarbonize some of the difficult sectors study cabinets like long-term transport or industry etc as was alluded to the director general of irena the all of these require investments and the investments that have been directed towards africa has been really small almost uh amounting to about one percentage or so this needs to change and they can be more investments in africa primarily from the private sector and of course liberate by the government sector and support it and this is an important priority for arena as well and towards this end what we have tried to do next slide please is to create an initiative a new division which does look at project facilitation and support and as uh her excellency nawal hassani alluded to there was a recent project supported by the adfd in togo which is an example of what these efforts can do so what we have established is a climate investment platform in collaboration with und pnsc for all and in cooperation with the green climate fund which will identify projects all over the world but we see that a strong pipeline in the cip is from africa where we do support these projects to reach bankability and then several other partners in the cip which number over 200 can actually support these projects along with the cip what we have plans for is to organize a series of investment forums the centerpiece of which will be matchmaking of bankable projects with the financiers in renewable energy and at the same time we also want to have a dialogue between the project developers and the governments to create and enabling conditions for renewable energy investments in the countries and also we want to ensure that our capacity building programs and efforts in the energy sector and renewable energy are organized at the sub region level alongside this effort so we do hope that the situation will improve and it will allow us to meet in a physical setting and we hope to start this investments forums in africa hopefully in the early part of next year uh next slide please so that’s all we of our work in the region and we just wanted to underline again that africa remains a great priority for arena we will continue to increase our work supporting african member countries in their energy transition and climate action and increasingly you’ll see irena playing a more active role in project facilitation and support in this region so all of us at urena stand ready to work strongly with our member countries in african region and look forward to discussing more opportunities how we can partner with africa in this energy transition and supporting climate action thank you very much and back to you sophie thank you very much binu for this very comprehensive presentation which shed light to a great extent on the agency’s engagement with the relevant stakeholders across the continent i would like to check again whether his excellency martin bill hermann permanent representative of the kingdom of denmark to the united nations is with us if yes you may have the floors here we understand that mr hermann is not with us so moving uh with the program the next item on the agenda is the moderator discussion so for that i’m pleased to welcome the panelists the first one is uh mr michael ahim visibly the principal energy officer at the ministry of energy and mineral development of uganda so mr obsimo is a senior officer from the ministry he brings in a rich experience in promoting sustainable energy in uganda and east africa some of his previous assignments include formulating regional strategy for scaling up access to modern energy developing an energy security policy framework for the east africa region as well as is a focal point for arena activities in uganda it was also focal point for janda at the energy resources directorate amongst others he also served as acting executive director for the east african community center for excellence for renewable energy and energy efficiency between 2016 and uh 2018. before handing the floor to michael i would just like to highlight the fact that each panelist has prepared a five minute intervention during which they will be covering the role that sustainable energy currently play in the context of the postcode recovery in their respective countries and region so what are the key elements for the energy transition in the country or region and what is needed for the international community to fast-track the energy transition transformation what role can irena play to assist in achieving the 2030 agenda and build back track so please michael you have the floor uh thank you very much sofia and thank you for those kind words talking about me first is to re-emphasize which other speakers have said that there is very huge potential for neural energy in africa and this huge potential can actually serve a very big purpose for which we can be participants and also to thank irena for supporting uganda in the nbc alignment because right now we’re having the support from irena to align our ndc objectives now going back to how can we prepare for the transition as a country one is to mention that we will need useful data as maybe a country but also as a continent we need useful data in two ways one would be quality data data that speaks the truth but also two we need harmonized data when you look across the region we are using different tools to gather data and when we go for comparison of this data sometimes we get to wrong conclusions so i had highlighted this sometime back that we need to work out a harmonized methodology of data collection which speaks across both and then will give us some nice data so that finally we can make very good comparison across board also would need capacity building in the form of renewable energy technologies we have noted in some technologies we don’t have masons we did a study for small scale hydro systems which would work very well in remote areas but we don’t have people who do operational maintenance so it would be an opportunity in the transition that you build such capacities for the different technologies for maintaining these systems but also uh building capacity for consultants uh we usually depend on international consultants i think it is item now that we broaden the scope and build as much momentum as possible in terms of consultancies and the capacities to handle such complex consultancies now as all colleagues may note we have limited financing for renewable energy what we have had in in energy is for fossil fuel investment but now towards the transition i think we should allocate much more than what is being allocated now and i think this can come if the political leadership across the continent agrees that there is more to do with renewable energy and then we allocate more financing to renewable energy but also within the renewable energy space we need the equity or distribution and equitable opportunities for financing for the different renewable energy technologies we sometimes tend to concentrate on a few technologies in renewable energy and forget about others but when you look on the african continent i think we have a broad range almost all the ranges for neuro energy including biomass spider biomass is the biggest resource which we have on the continent but which is least funded and whenever it is put on the table it is considered last i think it is now the opportunity to see how can we find biomass energy not not to promote it per se but to harvest it sustainably and also make it available because when you look on the continent and you see the majority more than 50 percent of the people depending on the biomass i think it speaks a lot that even if we wanted to institute new technologies and if we ignore biomass would not go very far so we need to look at it in that way but also to emphasize that we need local solutions based on local experiences maybe an example is that of the biomass which i had just given that if everybody in the community is utilizing biomass but we are bringing in soda which is a new technology to the community is there possibility that we can devise the means of utilizing the available resource for which everybody is comfortable in at that particular time as we transition slowly another thing which we need to note is that most of the neural energy technologies on the african continent technologies resources and processes do not have standards and therefore would need to work on these standards put them in place so that when we are doing a process when we are having a product or when we are having the resource we have a standard that we are following of course i would need to highlight that the policies might might have to reflect that we are transitioning in uganda we’ve already started the discussion of transition but we have not changed the policies per se to mention that there is a transition so it has to come out very clearly that the politicians start talking about transition and not only the technical people and maybe another thing i would want to highlight is when we are doing project support which i see happening a lot is that we start a project but when we are reaching the conclusion we are talking a different language i have seen most of the projects in africa on maybe in uganda we have used the justification that we are highly dependent on biomass to introduce other forms of energy or reliable energy for that case but finally when we reach the implementation phase we are not implementing anything substitute biomass but something may be for increased industrialization so we need to see the justification rhyming with finally the implementation objectives i thank you very much thank you very much uh michael for your intervention uh i’ve been informed that um mr hermann from denmark is now with us so please uh the floor is yours for your intervention now thank you so much uh moderator and my apologies for uh for joining late uh having technical difficulties it seems that even more than a year after we’ve gone sort of totally virtual i’m still struggling with with the technique but well thank you so much for the opportunity to participate in today’s discussion on how renewable energy can can help create a green pathway to recovery in sub-saharan africa and denmark is very very proud to co-sponsor this with with amongst others our good friends from from our arena we firmly believe that renewable energy not only can but should play a transformative role as an enabler of sustainable development and economic growth because expanding access to clean energy is critical to our efforts to recover from the pandemic as we know all too well i mean almost 550 million people in sub-saharan africa do not have access to energy and expanding the access to energy is not only important in itself but but because energy access has wide-ranging impacts on improving health and education on gender equality and economic growth energy is an enabler for for development and and prosperity so while access to energy with good reason is a high priority and prerequisite for development efforts to provide it must not compromise our obligations and our interest in protecting the climate there is no dichotomy between efforts to provide energy access and efforts to combat climate change and it’s imperative that we address them holistically now denmark recently launched its new development cooperation strategy i’m very very happy to to share with you that the green energy transition in africa plays an absolute essential role in this strategy a new strategy it aims to elevate both public and private investments and to make renewable energy the most feasible investment target when choosing between black and green through its support to access to clean energy denmark will try to contribute to job creation to empowering women and to improving health to ensure that efforts come to the advantages of home society clean energy sustainable energy is not it’s not just a sector it is an approach to develop and it is approved for climate change so alongside our efforts to scale up renewable energy climate adaptation form another central pillar of the new strategy because while we strive to mitigate the impact of climate change and catalyze sustainable development by ski scaling up clean energy solutions we cannot close our eyes to to the impacts already princess david denmark is is committed to strengthening our climate adaptation efforts and to integrate these into mitigation and renewable energy initiatives for example by developing solar driven water pumps in humanitarian operations because only by applying what you might call sort of a balanced approach where mitigation and adaptation goes hand in hand then we can ensure that we leave no one behind in our fight not only against poverty but also in our fight against climate change so in conclusion i think we have a joint responsibility to support the african continent to support our african partners brothers and sisters to make full use of this substantial renewable energy potential and resources that are on the constant if we get it right now we have an opportunity not only to save lives but actually to empower people with with with the potential with the tools to uh to uh to to to find the path towards prosperity and development and and to help people lift themselves out of energy poverty but also to stop off climate change and to put us on a paris aligned pathway i think it’s fantastic to see such an excellent set of speakers here today and i really look forward to hear your perspectives on actions needed because i think that’s what we need we need as elvis one could we need a little less talking and a lot more uh action and and that’s the approach that arena has taken and we are delighted to be uh part of you so thank you once again for for having me here today and once again so we had to my apologies for for for logging on late and my technical uh inability to uh to master sue thanks thank you very much uh excellent senator hellman for your statement and for your very inspiring address so coming back to the panel now i would like to call up on the next panelist with mr suleiman kunaty is the secretary general at the ministry of mines carys and the energy of burkina faso so mr quinate has been appointed at this position in march 2021 prior to this a prior to this appointment mr kunaty was the technical advisor at the ministry of energy in that capacity he actively participated in the development planning coordination management monitoring and implementation of projects and programs in the energy sector he also contributed to the writing of the vision and the plans and objectives of development of energy sector he also has several scientific and professional experience at the ups toulouse in france dog la parolee ave mission [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] foreign foreign the universal africa um foreign my mother it’s now my pleasure to call upon dr gloria magong for her intervention so dr gloria mccombos is the permanent secretary at the ministry of energy and power development in zimbabwe she has a career which spends over 29 years she has a vast experience and expertise including policy formulation strategy development and implementation prior to her appointment as permanent secretary for energy and power development in the government of zimbabwe she served as a numerous position including ceo of the zimbabwe energy regulatory authority and the regional chairperson for regional electricity regulators and uh as regulators association herrera amongst others so the floor is yours this is magongo thank you sophie um i’d like to recognize you as a moderator and it’s a pleasure uh meeting you again this time i would also like to acknowledge the director general in all the excellencies and interventions which have come before me coming in it is indeed a good day to you all and a pleasure for me to share some of the experiences which we have had at a national level and also at regional level with regards to how covet 19 has affected us in terms of service provision and especially when we are looking at building back beta and ensuring that no one is left behind kovid has shown the need for equitable access especially to modern energy because when most countries went into shutdown there was movement especially for most schools to online learning and in areas where there was no access the gap was felt even much much more because most of the students could not attend school because of lack of online which was driven by lack of access to modern energy as a country zimbabwe we have achieved about 44 percent access to electricity which we also use interchangeable with access to modern energy which then leaves the 56 percent mainly in rural communities who are then having to um deal without access to energy and there are various strategies which we have uh adopted at a national level i think the first issue is that we have a vision to achieve a prosperous and empowered middle income economy society by 2030 and to that effect we have gone on to adopt uh the uh goal number seven within the energy sector to ensure that we have universal access to sustainable and modern energy by 2030 and we have various outcomes which we look forward to as part of the national development strategy which we have just launched starting from 2021 to 2025 and thus increased moving on to improved energy supply capacity and then improved access and moving towards the universal access and then the improved energy efficiency because we believe that for us to accelerate the access to modern energy there is need to look at renewable energy as the key driver and we have developed a rural energy master plan which is looking at um about 60 percent of the access being driven by grid extension but we have the other 40 percent which will have to come from creation of mini grids macro grids which will be mainly driven by end user infrastructure which will create a lot of industries within the rural communities and we have as a country since launched the renewable energy policy which comes with various incentives and we have seen the need for private sector to participate in this space and we are working with the african development bank to come up with a procurement framework which will allow us to procure new capacity using a framework for competitive competitive framework we are also learning from the open source documents which irena has put up to also look at how best we can adapt some of those documents to our procurement framework which we are working on and i will also want to highlight the fact that um whilst this 54 56 of unsaved people for us it creates an opportunity for new investments and also for us to leapfrog and adopt the new technologies much faster because we will not have the challenge of any stranded infrastructure so we are happy to partner with various stakeholders to ensure that we are able to create a pipeline of projects which can then be procured over the next three years for us to then increase the renewable energy from the current contribution of about 116 megawatts which is 75 megawatts coming from biogas mainly is a by-product produced by our sugar production companies in in form of burgas we also have about 31 megawatts coming from mini hydros and about plus or minus 10 to 15 megawatts coming from solar with the amount of energy resources which we have in terms of solar we believe that we can increase the contribution to solar to about a thousand megawatts by 2025 and hence the need for us to do this competitive procurement where we have already identified suitable sites and projects which uh contribute to about 500 megawatts already i would like to also weigh in on the issue of clean cooking that was we are saying we have these um 50 56 percent which don’t have access we will have much higher percentage which don’t have access to clean cooking and as a country we have been working uh quite um hard to increase the adoption of other forms of clean cooking in the form of biogas where we have been doing a lot of work in terms of trying training uh muscles we can build bio gas digesters and also clean cook cook stoves especially those which use less wood and a more efficient and we also have tried to increase the adoption of lpg for rural communities but we have seen that for rural communities what works best is use of biogas which is really using their waste and it becomes much more sustainable and to that effect we are really wishing to get partners some who might be participating now to collaborate and work with us to ensure that we can come up with a clean cooking program which will be able to attract funding for this sector we have not been able to attract funding and we are working and hoping that um under the clean energy clean climate funds we can have access to such um funding and we as a country have also um worked on biofuels as one of the key sources of energy and to this effect we launched the biofuels policy in 2019 but we are also blending our fuel at about 20 percent of ethanol as part of us greening up our economy and we are working on getting partners to work with us to develop a biodiesel plant and we are still appealing for partners in that area we have been applying to various funds using some of the opportunities which irena has given us to to to get partners to develop the biofuels especially on the biodiesel side using jatropha as a feedstock in terms of embracing the transition as a country our policy position has been made clear that we are moving towards clean and renewable energy and we do have projects which are already under consideration whilst we are building we would like to acknowledge that we are one of the few countries which are still building about 600 megawatts of uh coal uh because of the resources we have and also the need for us to get baseload we are also working on improving our infrastructure which is the transmission and distribution infrastructure to allow for better flexibility so that we can bring in more renewables in the sector we do have 60 of our energy currently coming from our large hydro which is caribbean but it has been prone to serious droughts which has made it very difficult for us to sustain the power generation from this we are also developing a joint project between ourselves and zambia in the form of patoga batoka power project which will give us an additional 2400 megawatts of hydropower on the zambezi valley so i would like to really say that as a country we are ready to move forward and increase the um access to energy especially modern energy in our unsaved communities using renewable energy what we are looking for is partners who can come in and assist us especially with funding we have now mobilized a lot of local funds through our insurance companies which are then assisting us to also build some of the projects which are under construction we have almost about 50 megawatts of solar plants which we expect to bring online over this next six months or so which are already under construction we are really looking forward to the climate investment forums i think as a country we had even offered to host such forums especially for the southern african region to ensure that together in southern africa we already have an existing and operating pool which does provide for a larger market access for those who want to come and invest in renewable energy within the southern african pool and also in particular within zimbabwe so moderator i would really like to appreciate the role that irena has played in zimbabwe especially given that we are part of those countries which they are working with to ensure that we review our ndc’s preparation and they also helped us to come up with our various renewable maps through the african energy corridor and we are really looking forward to some of the other initiatives and also the finalization of our readiness assessment which was started but somehow stored somewhere along the line i’m still pursuing that so that we can be clear in terms of where our gaps are in terms of policy and what are the initiatives we need to put in place to ensure that we attract the relevant investments into our country thank you so much for allowing us to contribute thank you very much uh dr magumbo for your very clear presentation of the energy sector in zimbabwe including the activities or let’s say the actions you want to really follow for the next the future of the development of that sector one thing really kept my attention is that i think in her intervention doctor her excellency dr nawal was talking about the right mindset and you just mentioned something dr mumbo which i think all african countries should have in mind using our access challenge as an opportunity to leap frog towards new technology i think all of us we should really think like that so thank you once again thank you very much so i would like now to invite our next speaker who is uh mr rodriguez katros makanza he’s the deputy director for new and vulnerable energy at the ministry of energy and hydraulic resources of gabon la parole tavo monsieur makanza foreign [Music] emerging reference to the political public keep position the sectoral energy come and suture measure or develop model economy [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] m [Music] um [Music] juvederm [Music] so last but not least the last speaker is mr hassantu elio from uh he’s a sustainable energy policy officer at ukraine he’s responsible for a great sustainable energy policy program which aims at the development of appropriate regional and national policy frameworks and enabling environments to promote sustainable energy investment in the aqueous member states he coordinated the development of the regional sustainable energy policies which were adopted by the authority of equals heads of state in 2013. so please mr hasent the floor is yours okay uh thank you safiyazu it’s always a pleasure to to see you and to be with you on the arena family i would like to first start by uh thanking uh arena for invitations is a very important uh uh forum i bring your greetings uh from the echo center for remainder energy efficiency and from the west africa uh region uh over the years obviously we worked closely with arena i’ve collaborated on several initiatives to see we can uh bring about uh concrete development as far as the sovereign sector in west africa uh is concerned as children noted the cognitive pandemic has imposed uh really great negative social economic and financial human security impacts on equals member states uh it’s not only global health challenge but also posed uh challenges to our regional integration efforts uh regional peace and security and also social and social energy development of our countries and therefore providing a commercial level of response and recovery to address these issues has been of a priority to our our governments and our member states and see that we can we can subsidize the uh multifaceted uh consequences of the pandemic on vulnerable communities and our countries uh when you talk about uh clean engine technologies definitely uh this has a serious role and uh to play in terms of how we can increase the resilience of the health and social uh sectors uh while supporting local parasitic companies involved in the uh in the social energy markets uh cities can also strengthen the social government resilience of vulnerable communities and we’re trying to see how we can support initiatives in the productivities of energy and also in high high impact value chains uh the height of the pandemic ecre uh initiated the recovery is basically a facility that supports member states in terms of recovery and uh colony we’re supporting a few countries in terms of providing grants uh co-funding to electrify and power health care systems and the provision of clean cookstoves to vulnerable communities uh there’s definitely a great potential to provide affordable energy and water through kennedy technologies in the agricultural sector uh using using a slop pumping to for irrigation and the like and uh when you talk about the statistics i saw the concept note from arena that desperately gigawatts has been uh installed over the years west africa africa as a continent still south africa still gets a very minute share of that there’s uh really a need and as my colleague from burkina faso uh rightly noted there’s a need for us to support member states in terms of access to consumer financing so that they can complete uh priority transparent recipient projects uh because if you want to uh you know foster an environment for ipps we have to make sure the power is generated i are able to be can be evaporated to the demand centers that way we can make pps bankable we can attract more ipps and we can in so doing also reduce the commercial losses of our utilities and off takers we’ve watched over the years as you read noted uh your in your opinion presentation irena uh we watched with the arena in terms of the walker initiative and uh they should need for us to actively uh move forward now towards uh uh large-scale tenders how we can de-risk landscaping projects and i look forward to working uh closely with irene and other partners so we can get that forward uh in terms of the this decision like systems obviously we know that there will be large populations and communities that are so isolated they have no chance no hope of being uh collected agreed anytime soon so in that case uh mini grid sloan systems have a huge whole road to play in that regard i’m trying to see how we can de-risk uh some of these transactions projects how we can make them uh attractive for private sector folks to participate in the space so the role of public funds to leverage to the risk to make them attractive is important in terms of identifying demand centers who are the off-takers in there we see the irony that sometimes the uh the rural communities spend much more on on energy electricity than even folks in the in the urban areas so there’s really is a need for us to identify those demand centers and so we can target resources uh towards those guys uh there’s also opportunity uh obviously for uh commercial and industrial applications and there’s a need for this we see a huge opportunity also uh for us to provide uh solar generation systems and and storage for commercial commercials businesses industrial companies academic institutions hospitals non-profits and the like and uh we’ve seen from reports also that uh countries are spending i mean billions of dollars really on self-generation so that actually shows that there’s really a potential right there and if you’re able to uh to tap into that and make sure that we we we provide energy and electricity that is clean that’s affordable and reliable definitely there’s a there’s a they’re off takers right there they can they can tap into it uh one also very important aspect i’d like to just uh note also is that we have to see how we can support uh technology companies that serve as gleaned clean tech i arrived at aggregators of decentralized energy as a service solution and as a form of providing digital payments and data for fintech companies that linkage i think is also uh has a huge potential uh for what we’re saying as i said excellency noted finance is key you know we’ve been involved in this sector all of us for decades now uh the strategies have not changed you know less than half of our people have to access the data energy energy poverty energy deficits we’ve been in we have been in in several kinds of panels sf’s and uh all kinds of defenses the data is not hasn’t changed much which means that uh either we’re not um we’re only scratching the surface so i think it’s important and as the uh california eu noted how we can target uh public finance to leverage uh private sector financing into the sector the role of a local private sector and the need for us to support them to access financing you know the guys who are actually on the ground trying to make a difference trying to deploy clean energy technologies and services to communities to businesses those guys should be supported with targeted uh financing credit lines and the like so i think the next decade is really critical for uh for us as a global community for africa uh as already noted we’ve been involved in this uh effort now we’ve developed action plans and policies uh i would say and targets that the region the western region must meet by 2020 obviously we’ve uh we’ve we’ve fallen short of a 2020 target we have an opportunity in the next decade to make a difference uh by 2030. in line with the privacy agreements in line with lg g7 there’s a need for global communities to show strong solidarity africa is has great opportunity the resources are here we have an opportunity to make the biggest difference in terms of energy transition you know to leap frog from polluting fuels and ensure that our energy systems or access initiatives are really anchored on clean and sustainable energy technologies and services uh and i’m looking to see how we can you know de-risk uh such transactions and i’m really happy about the climate diversion forums erin is working on uh we’ve worked as you know on action plans for member states to see how they can contribute to original targets and we’ve received requests from member states to see how we can organize partner roundtables to look at the projects that have been have been identified and how we can facilitate and execute that so um in a nutshell we’re looking forward to really working uh with arena with member states with uh partners and with the uh with financial institutions uh to see her and private private private finance to see how we can really mobilize uh financing for these critical uh projects and initiatives across the region and i think i think if if we do that you know really there’s uh there’s really a potential an opportunity for us to make energy access a universal access a reality by 2030. so i’ll stop here with my opinion remarks and i’m looking forward to a very robust uh conversation and discussion uh going forward so thank you very much thank you very much elio for your uh intervention indeed you guys that are doing a very good job and your support to development of the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector in west africa is just outstanding i know that in many regions you are being seen as a model to follow thank you very much so ladies and gentlemen distinguished uh participant we are now at the end of our panel discussion so i’ve highlighted a few key takeaways most of the participants they have highlighted the need to support the development of power system particularly the grid system in order to accommodate enough renewable energy power to make the transition effective another thing that came up is the support to the private sector so how to support the private sector to tap into the existing funding mechanism including also innovative ones in order to develop local industries the third one is the support in formulating and implementing the ndcs i think that one is already working with the countries uh apologies it seems that sophie is having some technical problems so we waited for a few minutes we don’t see her back so on behalf of irena we wanted to thank all the panelists for these excellent perspectives from our member countries and we have noted some of these key themes which are coming through like selfie highlighted there is clearly a need for arena to work together with our partners on finance facilitation and also continuing support for nbc’s which will continue to do we’ll also try and uh organize these physical events uh in the region uh assuming that the the current situation abates so i think uh from the discussions that we have had there is a very clear roadmap ahead for the member countries and iran as a partner to accelerate renewable energy ambition in the the continent in the coming days so we want to take this opportunity to thank all the panelists we also want to thank denmark and the uae for sponsoring this event and also thank the european union commission for joining this event so thank you all very much and uh wish you all a great day ahead or a nice evening thank you


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HLPF on Sustainable Development: Renewable Energy as a Key Element of Post-COVID Recovery
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