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Latin America

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latin america is the portion of the western hemisphere comprising countries where romance languages languages that derived from latin such as spanish portuguese and french are predominantly spoken the term is used for those places brought under the spanish empire portuguese empire in brazil and the french colonial empire in the circum-caribbean region some subnational regions known as french america such as quebec and parts of the united states where romance languages are primarily spoken are not usually included due to the countries is a whole being a part of anglo-america the term is broader than categories such as hispanic america which specifically refers to spanish-speaking countries in aberro america which specifically refers to both spanish and portuguese-speaking countries the term is also more recent in origin the term latin america was first used in an 1856 conference with the title initiative of america idea for a federal congress of the republics by the chilean politician francisco bilbao the term was further popularized by french emperor napoleon the third’s government in the 1860s as america latin to justify france’s military involvement in the second mexican empire and trying to include french-speaking territories in the americas such as french canada french louisiana or french guyana in the larger group of countries where spanish and portuguese languages prevailed including french-speaking territories latin america would consist of 20 countries and 14 dependent territories that cover an area that stretches from mexico to tierra del fuego and includes much of the caribbean it has an area of approximately 19197 000 square kilometers almost 13 of the earth’s land surface area as of march 2 2020 population of latin america and the caribbean was estimated at more than 652 million and in 2019 latin america had a combined nominal gdp of five million one hundred and eighty eight thousand two hundred and fifty million united states dollars and a gdp pp of ten 10 284 5588 million usd there is no universal agreement on the origin of the term latin america the concept and term came into being in the 19th century following political independence of countries from spain and portugal it was popularized in 1860s france during the reign of napoleon iii the term latin america is part of its attempt to create a french empire in the americas research has shown that the idea that a part of the americas has a linguistic and cultural affinity with the romance cultures as a whole can be traced back to the 1830s in the writing of the french saint simonian michel chevalier who postulated that this part of the americas was inhabited by people of a latin race and that it could therefore ally itself with latin europe ultimately overlapping the latin church in a struggle with teutonic europe anglo-saxon america and slavic europe historian john leddy fellain located the origins of the term latin america in the french occupation of mexico his argument is that french imperialists used the concept of latin america as a way to counter british imperialism as well as to challenge the german threat to france the idea of a latin race was then taken up by latin american intellectuals and political leaders of the mid and late 19th century who no longer looked to spain out portugal as cultural models but rather to france french ruler napoleon iii had a strong interest in extending french commercial and political power in the region he and his business promoter felix belly called latin america to emphasize they shared latin background of france with the former vice royalties of spain and colonies of portugal this led to napoleon’s failed attempt to take military control of mexico in the 1860s however though felon thesis is still frequently cited in the u.s academy further scholarship has shown earlier usage of the term two latin american historians uruguay and arturo ardao and chilean miguel rogers makes found evidence that the term latin america was used earlier than felon claimed and the first use of the term was completely opposite to support imperialist project synthae americas ardao wrote about this subject in his book genesis the lore idea yl non-brother america latina and miguel rogers mix in his article bilbao y el halago the america latina union continental socialist y libertaria as michel gobert reminds in his article the invention of latin america a transnational history of anti-imperialism democracy and race arturo ardao miguel rogers mix and ames mcginnis have revealed the term latin america had already been used in 1856 by central americans and south americans protesting u.s expansion into the southern hemisphere edward shaw cross summarizes ardo’s and rogers mixes findings in the following way ardao identified the term in a poem by a colombian diplomat and intellectual resident in france jose maria torres caicedo published on the 15th of february 1857 in a french-based spanish-language newspaper while rogers makes 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Latin America
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